Metabolism of two Go alpha isoforms in neuronal cells during differentiation

J Biol Chem. 1991 Jul 15;266(20):12825-8.


We have previously shown that undifferentiated N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells express only one isoform of Go alpha (pI = 5.8), whereas differentiated neuroblastoma cells expressed, in addition to this isoform, another Go alpha with a more acidic pI (5.55). Moreover, primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells, which are extremely well differentiated cells yielding a high density of synapses, expressed only a single Go alpha isoform with a pI of 5.55 (Brabet, P., Pantaloni, C., Rodriguez Martinez, J., Bockaert, J., and Homburger, V. (1990) J. Neurochem. 54, 1310-1320). In this report, using biosynthetic labeling with [35S]methionine and specific quantitative immunoprecipitation with a polyclonal antibody raised against the purified Go alpha protein, we have determined 1) the degradation rate of total Go alpha (sum of the two isoforms) in differentiated as well as in undifferentiated neuroblastoma cells and in cerebellar granule cells, 2) the degradation rates of each isoform in differentiated neuroblastoma cells. The t 1/2 for total Go alpha protein degradation was very different in the three neuronal cell populations and was 28 +/- 5 h (n = 5), 58 +/- 9 h (n = 5), and 154 +/- 22 h (n = 6) in undifferentiated, differentiated neuroblastoma, and granule cells, respectively. Using two-dimensional gel analysis of immunoprecipitates, we have also determined the individual t 1/2 for degradation of each Go alpha isoform in differentiated neuroblastoma cells, in which the two Go alpha isoforms were expressed. Results indicated that the two Go alpha isoforms exhibit similar t1/2 for degradation (49 +/- 5 h, n = 3). Thus, the t1/2 for degradation of the more basic Go alpha isoform is higher in differentiated neuroblastoma cells (49 +/- 5 h, n = 3) than in undifferentiated neuroblastoma cells (28 +/- 5 h, n = 5) which expressed only the more basic Go alpha isoform. It can be concluded that the degradation rate of the more basic Go alpha isoform is not a characteristic of the protein itself but depends on the state of the cell differentiation. The comparison between the t1/2 for degradation of the more acidic Go alpha isoform is differentiated neuroblastoma cells (51 +/- 6 h, n = 3) with that of cerebellar granule cells (154 +/- 22 h, n = 6) suggests that there is also a decrease in the degradation rate of the more acidic Go alpha isoform during differentiation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebellum / cytology
  • Cerebellum / metabolism*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Methionine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Neurons / metabolism*


  • Methionine
  • GTP-Binding Proteins