Liar, a novel Lyn-binding nuclear/cytoplasmic shuttling protein that influences erythropoietin-induced differentiation

Blood. 2009 Apr 16;113(16):3845-56. doi: 10.1182/blood-2008-04-153452. Epub 2008 Dec 8.


Erythropoiesis is primarily controlled by erythropoietin (Epo), which stimulates proliferation, differentiation, and survival of erythroid precursors. We have previously shown that the tyrosine kinase Lyn is critical for transducing differentiation signals emanating from the activated Epo receptor. A yeast 2-hybrid screen for downstream effectors of Lyn identified a novel protein, Liar (Lyn-interacting ankyrin repeat), which forms a multiprotein complex with Lyn and HS1 in erythroid cells. Interestingly, 3 of the ankyrin repeats of Liar define a novel SH3 binding region for Lyn and HS1. Liar also contains functional nuclear localization and nuclear export sequences and shuttles rapidly between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Ectopic expression of Liar inhibited the differentiation of normal erythroid progenitors, as well as immortalized erythroid cells. Significantly, Liar affected Epo-activated signaling molecules including Erk2, STAT5, Akt, and Lyn. These results show that Liar is a novel Lyn-interacting molecule that plays an important role in regulating intracellular signaling events associated with erythroid terminal differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus / physiology
  • Animals
  • Ankyrin Repeat / physiology
  • COS Cells
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus / genetics
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells / cytology
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells / metabolism*
  • Erythropoiesis / physiology*
  • Erythropoietin / metabolism*
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism
  • Nuclear Localization Signals / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Nuclear Localization Signals
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • hematopoietic lineage cell-specific protein 1, mouse
  • liar protein, mouse
  • Erythropoietin
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • lyn protein-tyrosine kinase
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1