Prevalence, pattern and determinants of radiographic hand osteoarthritis in Turkmen community-based sample

Rheumatol Int. 2009 Aug;29(10):1143-9. doi: 10.1007/s00296-008-0815-1. Epub 2008 Dec 6.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of radiographic hand osteoarthritis (OA) in Turkmen community-based sample and its association with age, sex, and BMI. The study population was comprised of Turkmens (277 males and 427 females, age 19-90 years). OA was evaluated for 14 joints of each hand according to the Kellgren and Lawrence grading scheme. Statistical analyses included prevalence estimation, linear and polynomial regressions, and chi2 tests. About 13.8% of individuals before age 36 had at least one joint with OA, and the prevalence reached 100% after age 65. For males and females the best-fitted and most parsimonious model of association between age and number of affected hand joints was a two interval linear one. After adjustment for age, we found that females with severe obesity have higher risk of development of hand OA than those with normal weight [OR(95%CI): 3.88 (1.20-12.60)].

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Finger Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Hand / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hand Joints / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Osteoarthritis / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Radiography
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Russia / epidemiology
  • Sex Factors