Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Iranian propolis against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans

Pak J Biol Sci. 2007 Apr 15;10(8):1343-5. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.1343.1345.


Propolis samples from West North region of Iran were studied for their antibacterial (against Staphylococcus aureus) and antifungal (against Candida albicans) activities. In this article, yield of extracts and their pH values were measured. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of Ethanol-Extracted Propolis (EEP) were investigated by Petri dish bioassay method. Dilutions of EPP in agar with serial concentrations ranging from 0/04 to 10% (W/V) were prepared and antimicrobial activities were determined as Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC). All samples were active against the fungal and bacterial test strains. MIC values for different propolis samples against Staphylococcus aureus were, respectively 4, 3 and 1.5% (W/V) and against Candida albicans were, respectively 2, 4 and 3% (W/V).

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bees
  • Candida albicans / drug effects*
  • Geography
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iran
  • Propolis / pharmacology*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antifungal Agents
  • Propolis