Internet addiction: metasynthesis of 1996-2006 quantitative research

Cyberpsychol Behav. 2009 Apr;12(2):203-7. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2008.0102.


This study reports the results of a meta-analysis of empirical studies on Internet addiction published in academic journals for the period 1996-2006. The analysis showed that previous studies have utilized inconsistent criteria to define Internet addicts, applied recruiting methods that may cause serious sampling bias, and examined data using primarily exploratory rather than confirmatory data analysis techniques to investigate the degree of association rather than causal relationships among variables. Recommendations are provided on how researchers can strengthen this growing field of research.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Behavior, Addictive / epidemiology*
  • Behavior, Addictive / psychology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Research / statistics & numerical data
  • Selection Bias