The effects of genetic polymorphisms of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 on Helicobacter pylori-induced gastroduodenal diseases in Korea

J Clin Gastroenterol. 2009 May-Jun;43(5):420-8. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e318178d1d3.


Background: The genes that encode proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are good candidate markers of host susceptibility to gastroduodenal disease. The present study was performed to evaluate whether or not the genetic polymorphisms of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 are associated with gastroduodenal disease in the Korean population.

Methods: This study enrolled 1187 patients, including controls, those with gastric cancer (GC), benign gastric ulcer (BGU), and duodenal ulcer patients. Six polymorphisms were genotyped, 3 of IL-10 (at -592, -819, and -1082), 1 of IL-8 (at -251), and 2 of IL-6 (at -174 and -572), by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Results: The frequency of IL-10-1082 G carriers was higher in cases of a diffuse type GC [odds ratio (OR) 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.0-3.1, P=0.041] or BGU (OR 1.6, 95% CI: 1.0-2.5, P=0.040), than in the control group regardless of Helicobacter pylori infection. The IL-8-251 A/A genotype was more common in H. pylori-positive patients with GC (OR 2.0, 95% CI: 1.2-3.6, P=0.013) or BGU (OR 2.7, 95% CI: 1.5-4.8, P=0.001) than in H. pylori-positive controls. In addition, the frequencies of IL-6-572 G/G (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.9, P=0.027) and of G carriers (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.4-0.8, P=0.003) were lower in H. pylori-positive duodenal ulcer patients than in H. pylori-positive controls. IL-10-592 C/C (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.9, P=0.028) was an independent factor associated with a decreased risk of the intestinal type of GC by multivariate analysis. Furthermore, a synergistic effect was observed between IL-10-592 A/A and IL-8-251 A/A with respect to the development of GC or BGU.

Conclusions: These results suggest that the genetic polymorphisms of these 3 inflammation-related cytokines, IL-10, IL-8, and IL-6, are associated with the development of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Duodenal Ulcer / ethnology
  • Duodenal Ulcer / genetics*
  • Duodenal Ulcer / immunology
  • Duodenal Ulcer / microbiology
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Helicobacter Infections / complications
  • Helicobacter Infections / ethnology
  • Helicobacter Infections / microbiology*
  • Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-10 / genetics*
  • Interleukin-6 / genetics*
  • Interleukin-8 / genetics*
  • Korea
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Stomach Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / immunology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / microbiology
  • Stomach Ulcer / ethnology
  • Stomach Ulcer / genetics*
  • Stomach Ulcer / immunology
  • Stomach Ulcer / microbiology


  • CXCL8 protein, human
  • IL10 protein, human
  • IL6 protein, human
  • Interleukin-6
  • Interleukin-8
  • Interleukin-10