Importance of postprandial glucose levels as a target for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes

South Med J. 2009 Jan;102(1):60-6. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318188898e.


Increasing evidence supports the importance of postprandial glucose (PPG) in glycemic control with regard to the development of complications in patients with diabetes. PPG plays a critical role in determining overall glycemic control, particularly in patients who are close to their glycemic goals. Data also indicate that postprandial hyperglycemia may have a greater effect on the development of cardiovascular complications compared with elevated fasting plasma glucose. Several antidiabetic agents that specifically target PPG are currently available, including glinides, glucagon-like peptide-1 mimetics, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, and rapid-acting insulin analogs. A more intensive approach to managing PPG may improve the care of patients with diabetes and, ultimately, the outcome of these patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Postprandial Period*


  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents