Germinal mosaicism for LMNA mimics autosomal recessive congenital muscular dystrophy

Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 Jan;19(1):26-8. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2008.09.016. Epub 2008 Dec 11.


Life-threatening cardiac and respiratory complications are common in LMNA-related myopathies and early diagnosis is important for optimal patient care. Lamin A/C related congenital muscular dystrophy (L-CMD) is often caused by de novo mutation in LMNA, affecting a single child in a family. Germinal mosaicism is a rarer variant that can lead to two children inheriting the same new heterozygous mutation from a clinically unaffected parent. Both patterns mimic autosomal recessive (AR) inheritance and the possibility of de novo L-CMD may be forgotten since most causes of congenital muscular dystrophy follow AR inheritance. To illustrate the challenge of diagnosing L-CMD, we present a consanguineous family in which two children have early onset LMNA-related myopathy likely due to paternal germinal mosaicism. This emphasises that germinal mosaicism (and de novo mutations) for LMNA can arise in any family and direct gene sequencing is required to confirm or exclude the diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Algeria
  • Child
  • Chromosome Disorders / genetics
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Genes, Recessive / genetics
  • Genetic Testing
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Inheritance Patterns / genetics
  • Lamin Type A / genetics*
  • Mosaicism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Muscular Diseases / congenital
  • Muscular Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Muscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Muscular Dystrophies / diagnosis
  • Muscular Dystrophies / genetics
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / standards


  • LMNA protein, human
  • Lamin Type A