Demographics features, clinical findings and functional status in a group of subjects with cervical myofascial pain syndrome

Agri. 2008 Jul;20(3):14-9.


Subjects with myofascial pain of muscles of the neck region may present with various clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore the demographics features, clinical findings and functional status in a group of patients presenting with myofascial pain of the cervical muscles. 94 cervical myofascial pain syndrome patients were recruited from the out-patient clinic. Evaluated of patient short form health survey (SF-36), pain, depression, patient demographics and physical examinations. Outcome measures; SF-36 Health Survey, visual analog scale, Beck Depression Inventory, history, physical examination. A total of 82 patients with a diagnosis of cervical myofascial syndrome were included in the study. All patients were in the young age group 37.4+/-9, and 87.8% were females. 53.1% had trigger points in the trapezius muscle with high percentage of autonomic phenomena like skin reddening, lacrimation, tinnitus and vertigo. 58.5% of the series had suffered from former cervical trauma and 40.2% also had fibromyalgia syndrome and 18.5% had benign Joint hypermobility syndrome. Younger female patients presenting with autonomic phenomena and early onset cervical injury should be examined for cervical myofascial pain syndrome and also for fibromyalgia syndrome since this study demonstrated a high percentage of fibromyalgia syndrome in these patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cervical Vertebrae*
  • Comorbidity
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / etiology
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / diagnosis
  • Fibromyalgia / epidemiology*
  • Fibromyalgia / pathology*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / epidemiology*
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / pathology*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Quality of Life
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Turkey / epidemiology