A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of ixabepilone in combination with Carboplatin in patients with advanced solid malignancies

Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Dec 15;14(24):8288-94. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0471.

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the recommended phase II dose of combination ixabepilone plus carboplatin based on the maximum tolerated dose, pharmacokinetics, optimum schedule, and safety.

Experimental design: Patients with advanced solid malignancies were treated with escalating doses of carboplatin plus ixabepilone administered on day 1 (schedule A) or days 1 and 8 (schedule B) of a 21-day cycle. Blood was sampled during cycle 1 for pharmacokinetic analysis of ixabepilone (both schedules) and carboplatin (schedule B).

Results: Fifty-two patients were treated with ixabepilone doses ranging from 30 to 50 mg/m2 per 21-day cycle plus carboplatin area under curve (AUC) 5 or 6 (Calvert formula). On schedule A (ixabepilone 40 mg/m2 over 1 hour plus carboplatin AUC 6), 2 of 2 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). On schedule B (ixabepilone 25 mg/m2 over 1 hour on days 1 and 8 plus carboplatin AUC 6), 3 of 3 patients experienced DLT. DLT was myelosuppression; however, cumulative sensory neuropathy limited extended dosing on schedule A. Ixabepilone and carboplatin pharmacokinetics were similar to those using either drug as monotherapy, indicating an absence of pharmacokinetic drug interactions. Based on DLTs and tolerability with repeated dosing, the recommended doses were 30 mg/m2 ixabepilone (1-hour infusion) d1 q3w plus carboplatin AUC 6 (schedule A) and 20 mg/m2 ixabepilone (1 hour infusion) d1, d8 q3w plus carboplatin AUC 6 (schedule B).

Conclusions: Data from the present study show the feasibility and tolerability of combination ixabepilone plus carboplatin, with ixabepilone administered on day 1 or on days 1 and 8 on a 21-day cycle.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Carboplatin / administration & dosage
  • Carboplatin / adverse effects
  • Carboplatin / pharmacokinetics*
  • Epothilones / administration & dosage
  • Epothilones / adverse effects
  • Epothilones / pharmacokinetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Epothilones
  • Carboplatin
  • ixabepilone