Evaluation of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) susceptibility to some acaricides in field populations from Italy

Exp Appl Acarol. 2009 Jun;48(1-2):11-8. doi: 10.1007/s10493-008-9224-0. Epub 2008 Dec 17.


Red mite field populations from seven naturally infested Italian caged laying poultry farms were investigated for their susceptibility to acaricide formulations available on the market, containing amitraz, carbaryl and permethrin. A minimum of 3,000 mites of all stages were collected from each farm and were tested with five acaricide concentrations (5, 10, 20, 50, 100%) plus an untreated control (0%). Field red mite populations were found to be tolerant even with the highest concentrations with carbaryl and permethrin for six (86%) and three (42%) of the investigated farms, respectively (P < 0.05). Furthermore, six (86%) of the investigated farms showed a red mite population susceptible to amitraz at any concentration. Out of the seven field populations tested with amitraz, one population is becoming less tolerant whereas another was the most tolerant to carbaryl and permethrin at any concentration. Data show that the lack of effectiveness of some acaricides is spreading in Europe and call for the adoption of alternative management strategies to avoid development of resistance.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbaryl / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance
  • Italy
  • Mite Infestations / prevention & control
  • Mite Infestations / veterinary
  • Mites / drug effects*
  • Permethrin / pharmacology
  • Pesticides / pharmacology*
  • Poultry / parasitology*
  • Poultry Diseases / prevention & control
  • Tick Control / methods*
  • Toluidines / pharmacology


  • Pesticides
  • Toluidines
  • amitraz
  • Permethrin
  • Carbaryl