Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) fluid and diazepam therapy compared with the IV-fluid only therapy for the resistant hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) cases.
Methods: Medical records of 74 HG cases who were refractory to standard management were reviewed. All patients hospitalised were administered IV fluid and multivitamin combination as the first-step therapy. Patients who were refractory to first-step therapy were given IV fluid (Group 1, n = 43) or IV fluid and diazepam (Group 2, n = 31) depending on the patients' desire. Groups were matched for demographic characteristics, rehospitalisation requirement, patient satisfaction and neonatal outcomes.
Results: Thirteen of the 74 patients were excluded from the study because of unknown maternal and fetal outcome. The mean gestational age was 10.4 +/- 2.4 year. Age, parity, body mass index and educational level were similar between the two groups. Mean diazepam dose was 62.8 +/- 24.5 mg (range 40-160) in Group 2 (n = 31). The number of hospitalisation was significantly lower, and patient satisfaction was significantly higher in Group 2. There were no differences for the obstetrics outcomes between the groups.
Conclusions: The addition of diazepam to IV fluids was associated with less hospitalisation in women with hyperemesis gravidarum. Safety of diazepam therapy in early pregnancy deserves further study.