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, 59 (2), 89-94

Effect of Allixin, a Phytoalexin Produced by Garlic, on Mutagenesis, DNA-binding and Metabolism of Aflatoxin B1

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Effect of Allixin, a Phytoalexin Produced by Garlic, on Mutagenesis, DNA-binding and Metabolism of Aflatoxin B1

T Yamasaki et al. Cancer Lett.

Abstract

Allixin, a phytoalexin isolated from garlic, was examined for its effects on aflatoxin B1(AFB1)-induced mutagenesis using Salmonella typhimurium TA100 as the bacterial tester strain and rat liver S9 fraction as the metabolic activation system. The effects of allixin on the binding of [3H]AFB1 to calf thymus DNA and on the formation of metabolites of [3H]AFB1 were also determined. Allixin showed a dose-related inhibition of Histidine+ revertants induced by AFB1. Allixin at 75 micrograms/ml inhibited [3H]AFB1 binding to calf thymus DNA and reduced formation of AFB1-DNA adducts. In addition, allixin exhibited a concentration-dependent inhibition of the formation of organosoluble metabolites and the glutathione conjugates of [3H]AFB1. The data indicate that the effect of allixin on AFB1-induced mutagenesis and binding of metabolites to DNA may be mediated through an inhibition of microsomal P-450 enzymes. Allixin may thus be useful in the chemoprevention of cancer.

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