Evaluation of "Guia para Dejar de Fumar," a self-help guide in Spanish to quit smoking

Public Health Rep. Sep-Oct 1991;106(5):564-70.

Abstract

Because of the absence of culturally appropriate self-help smoking cessation materials for Latinos, a new Spanish language cessation guide, "Guia para Dejar de Fumar," was developed and evaluated. It was distributed as part of a community-wide intervention to decrease the prevalence of smoking. The "Guia" is an attractive full-color booklet written in universal Spanish that uses simple text and numerous photographs. Motivation to quit smoking is emphasized, and graphic demonstrations of the adverse health effects of smoking are included. A menu of quitting and maintenance techniques is presented. A total of 431 smokers were identified for evaluation at approximately 3, 6, and 12 months after receiving the "Guia." Self-reported quit rates declined from 21.1 percent at 2.5 months to 13.7 percent at 14 months; 8.4 percent of the sample had a validated quit status by saliva cotinine test at 1 year. Persons older than 44 years were more likely to remain nonsmokers, but sex, education, acculturation score, and cigarettes smoked per day did not predict smoking cessation. The components of the "Guia" most mentioned by those who were surveyed were the graphic photographs, the health emphasis, and the overall format. The authors concluded that the "Guia" is an appropriate self-help smoking cessation booklet for Spanish-speaking Latinos in the United States.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pamphlets*
  • Smoking / ethnology
  • Smoking Prevention*