Raman spectroscopy study of ammonia borane at high pressure

J Chem Phys. 2008 Dec 21;129(23):234509. doi: 10.1063/1.3040276.


Ammonia borane, NH(3)BH(3), has attracted significant interest as a promising candidate material for hydrogen storage. The effect of pressure on the bonding in NH(3)BH(3) was investigated using Raman spectroscopy to over 20 GPa in a diamond anvil cell, and two new transitions were observed at approximately 5 and 12 GPa. Vibrational frequencies for the modes of the NH(3) proton donor group exhibited negative pressure dependence, which is consistent with the behavior of conventional hydrogen bonds, while the vibrational frequencies of the BH(3) proton acceptor group showed positive pressure dependence. The observed behavior of these stretching modes supports the presence of dihydrogen bonding at high pressure. In addition, the BH(3) and NH(3) bending modes showed an increase in spectral complexity with increasing pressure together with a discontinuity in d nu/d P which suggests rotational disorder in this molecule. These results may provide guidance for understanding and developing improved hydrogen storage materials.