Enhancement of growth and yield of tomato by Rhodopseudomonas sp. under greenhouse conditions

J Microbiol. 2008 Dec;46(6):641-6. doi: 10.1007/s12275-008-0159-2. Epub 2008 Dec 24.


A greenhouse test was carried out to examine the effects on tomato growth of application of purple non-sulfur bacterium Rhodopseudomonas sp. which had enhanced germination and growth of tomato seed under axenic conditions. The shoot length of tomato plant inoculated by Rhodopseudomonas sp. KL9 increased by 34.6% compared to that of control in 8 weeks of cultivation. During the same period, this strain increased 120.6 and 78.6% of dry weight of shoot and root of tomato plants, respectively. The formation ratio of tomato fruit from flower was also raised by inoculation of KL9. In addition, Rhodopseudomonas sp. KL9 treatment enhanced the fresh weight and lycopene content in the harvested tomato fruits by 98.3 and 48.3%, respectively compared to those of the uninoculated control. When the effect on the indigenous bacterial community and fate of the inoculated Rhodopseudomonas sp. KL9 were monitored by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis, its application did not affect the native bacterial community in tomato rhizosphere soil, but should be repeated to maintain its population size. This bacterial capability may be applied as an environment-friendly biofertilizer to cultivation of high quality tomato and other crops including lycopene-containing vegetables and fruits.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carotenoids / analysis
  • Fertilizers
  • Flowers / growth & development
  • Industrial Microbiology / methods
  • Lycopene
  • Plant Roots / growth & development
  • Plant Roots / microbiology
  • Plant Shoots / growth & development
  • Plant Shoots / microbiology
  • Rhodopseudomonas / growth & development*
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Solanum lycopersicum / chemistry
  • Solanum lycopersicum / growth & development*
  • Solanum lycopersicum / microbiology*


  • Fertilizers
  • Carotenoids
  • Lycopene