Objectives: Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form of intractable partial epilepsy in adults with hippocampal sclerosis accounting for the majority of cases. Selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy (SEAH) is suggested as a safe and effective surgical procedure with the advantage of a better cognitive outcome.
Methods: We prospectively documented 56 consecutive patients with medically refractory medial temporal lob epilepsy. Candidates for surgery were determined as those with characteristic clinical and imaging findings, ictal recordings, and neuropsychological evaluation. A standard SEAH was performed and hippocampal sclerosis was histologically confirmed.
Results: In our study 76.7% of patients were classified as Engel I and 62.2% as ILAE I at their last follow up. Overall, at the last follow-up, 51.8% of patients were seizure-free since surgery (Engel 1a and ILAE 1a), 25% had stopped antiepileptic treatment, and another 52% had decreased either the dosage or number of antiepileptic drugs. 86.3% of the patients with abnormality on neurocognitive tasks showed improvement at the end of the 6 months post surgery.
Conclusion: SEAH is a safe and effective surgical procedure without the necessity of a larger resection and further invasive methods.