Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse and possible risk factors in a general population

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Feb;200(2):184.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.08.070. Epub 2008 Dec 25.

Abstract

Objective: We sought to examine the prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) symptoms and risk factors in a general white population.

Study design: This was a cross-sectional study. All female residents aged 45-85 years in a small Dutch city received validated questionnaires. Women were classified as symptomatic if they reported feeling and/or seeing vaginal bulge.

Results: Response rate was 62.7% (1869/2979). Prevalence of POP was 11.4%. Multivariate analysis revealed POP symptoms during pregnancy, a maternal history of POP, and heavy physical work, with a total population-attributable risk of 46%.

Conclusion: There is high prevalence of symptomatic POP in a general white population of which independent risk factors are POP symptoms during pregnancy, a maternal history of POP, and heavy physical work. Clinicians should focus on risk factors in counseling of (pregnant) women to inform women to be aware of further exposures for themselves and their daughters.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Uterine Prolapse / epidemiology*