Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine (administered as desvenlafaxine succinate) for menopausal vasomotor symptoms.
Study design: Postmenopausal women (n = 458) experiencing 50 or more moderate to severe hot flushes per week received desvenlafaxine 100 or 150 mg/d, with titration at therapy initiation, or placebo. Hot flush number and severity were assessed at weeks 4 and 12. Safety data were collected throughout the trial.
Results: Desvenlafaxine 100 and 150 mg/d significantly reduced the number of hot flushes compared with placebo at weeks 4 and 12 (all P < or = .012), achieving 65.4% and 66.6% reductions from baseline at week 12, respectively (placebo, 50.8%). Hot flush severity and number of nighttime awakenings were significantly reduced at both time points (all P < or = .048). Desvenlafaxine groups reported significantly more adverse events compared with placebo during week 1 only. No difference in discontinuations because of adverse events was observed.
Conclusion: Desvenlafaxine is an effective nonhormonal treatment for menopausal hot flushes. Dose titration improves initial tolerability.