Awareness of Breast Cancer in Women of an Urban Resettlement Colony

Indian J Cancer. Oct-Dec 2008;45(4):149-53. doi: 10.4103/0019-509x.44662.

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer accounts for 19-34% of all cancer cases among women in India. There is a high mortality due to late stage diagnosis as patients usually present at an advanced stage because of lack of awareness and non-existent breast cancer screening programs. Aim : To determine the awareness about breast cancer among women in an urban resettlement colony in Delhi.

Settings and design: A community based, cross-sectional study carried out in a resettlement colony in South Delhi.

Materials and methods: Semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect information regarding breast cancer. Modified Kuppuswamy scale was used for assessing the socio-economic status.

Results and conclusions: A total of 333 women were included. The mean age was 36 years+/-15.1 and 46% were illiterate. Only 185 (56%) women were aware of breast cancer; among them, 51% knew about at least one of the signs /symptoms, 53% were aware that breast cancer can be detected early, and only 35% mentioned about risk factors. Thus, awareness about breast cancer is low amongst women in this community. There is a need for awareness generation programs to educate women about breast cancer, propagation of correct messages and promote early detection of breast cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
  • Women's Health
  • Young Adult