DISABKIDS smiley questionnaire: the TAKE 6 assisted health-related quality of life measure for 4 to 7-year-olds

Clin Psychol Psychother. May-Jun 2008;15(3):173-80. doi: 10.1002/cpp.570.


The DISABKIDS Smiley TAKE 6 was developed to meet the need for a research instrument to measure the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) of children 4-7 years old. TAKE 6 is a European generic assisted-report questionnaire with a proxy version. The items of TAKE 6, scored using a five-point Likert scale, cover a single HrQoL domain. Child and parent focus groups identified the statements which, following a European pilot study, were reduced to six items. A field study of 435 children with a chronic disease in seven European countries revealed that the questionnaire had good reliability (inter-class correlation 0.69), had convergent validity with the KINDL-R (child quality of life questionnaire-revised) (rho 0.60) and satisfactory construct validity showing separation between severity and different medical conditions. The questionnaire was understandable by young children and could be completed within two minutes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease / psychology*
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*