Acute explosive-force movements enhance bench-press performance in athletic men

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2006 Sep;1(3):261-9. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.1.3.261.

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the performance of explosive-force movements before bench-press exercise would improve 1-repetition-maximum (1RM) strength.

Methods: Twelve male college athletes participated in 3 testing sessions separated by at least 5 days of rest. During each testing session, the 1RM was assessed on the bench-press exercise. After a general warm-up, subjects performed a specific warm-up that consisted of submaximal sets with increasing loads on the bench-press exercise before attempting a 1RM lift. During the first testing trial, subjects performed a series of 1RM attempts with increasing loads until their 1RM was determined. During the second and third testing trials, subjects performed in a counterbalanced randomized order either 2 plyometric push-ups or 2 medicine-ball (3 to 5 kg) chest passes 30 seconds before each 1RM attempt.

Results: Analysis of the data revealed that 1RM bench-press strength was significantly greater after plyometric push-ups (P = .004) or chest passes (P = .025) in comparison with the first trial (123.8 + or - 23.5 kg and 124.0 + or - 24.1 kg vs 120.9 + or - 23.2 kg, respectively).

Conclusions: These data suggest that an acute bout of low-volume, explosive-force upper body movements performed 30 seconds before a 1RM attempt might enhance bench-press performance in athletic men.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance*
  • Resistance Training*
  • Task Performance and Analysis*
  • Young Adult