A pivotal role for the response regulator DegU in controlling multicellular behaviour

Microbiology. 2009 Jan;155(Pt 1):1-8. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.023903-0.


Bacteria control multicellular behavioural responses, including biofilm formation and swarming motility, by integrating environmental cues through a complex regulatory network. Heterogeneous gene expression within an otherwise isogenic cell population that allows for differentiation of cell fate is an intriguing phenomenon that adds to the complexity of multicellular behaviour. This review focuses on recent data about how DegU, a pleiotropic response regulator, co-ordinates multicellular behaviour in Bacillus subtilis. We review studies that challenge the conventional understanding of the molecular mechanisms underpinning the DegU regulatory system and others that describe novel targets of DegU during activation of biofilm formation by B. subtilis. We also discuss a novel role for DegU in regulating multicellular processes in the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus subtilis* / genetics
  • Bacillus subtilis* / growth & development
  • Bacillus subtilis* / metabolism
  • Bacillus subtilis* / physiology
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Biofilms / growth & development
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial*
  • Listeria monocytogenes* / genetics
  • Listeria monocytogenes* / growth & development
  • Listeria monocytogenes* / metabolism
  • Listeria monocytogenes* / physiology
  • Signal Transduction


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DegU protein, Bacteria