A comparison of exact, mid-P, and score tests for matched case-control studies

Biometrics. 1991 Jun;47(2):487-96.


A recently developed algorithm for generating the distribution of sufficient statistics for conditional logistic models can be put to a twofold use. First, it provides an avenue for performing inference for matched case-control studies that does not rely on the assumption of a large sample size. Second, joint distributions generated by this algorithm can be used to make comparisons of various inferential procedures that are free from Monte Carlo sampling errors. In this paper, these two features of the algorithm are utilized to compare small-sample properties of the exact, mid-P value, and score tests for a conditional logistic model with two unmatched binary covariates. Both uniparametric and multiparametric tests, performed at a nominal significance level of .05, were studied. It was found that the actual significance levels of the mid-P test tend to be closer to the nominal level when compared with those of the other two tests.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Biometry*
  • Case-Control Studies*
  • Logistic Models