Natural antioxidants protect neurons in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease

Neurochem Res. 2009 Apr;34(4):630-8. doi: 10.1007/s11064-008-9900-9. Epub 2009 Jan 6.


"Modern" medicine and pharmacology require an effective medical drug with a single compound for a specific disease. This seams very scientific but usually has unavoidable side effects. For example, the chemical therapy to cancer can totally damage the immunological ability of the patient leading to death early than non-treatment. On the other hand, natural antioxidant drugs not only can cure the disease but also can enhance the immunological ability of the patient leading to healthier though they usually have several compounds or a mixture. For the degenerative disease such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), natural antioxidant drugs are suitable drugs, because the pathogenesis of these diseases is complex with many targets and pathways. These effects are more evidence when the clinic trial is for long term treatment. The author reviews the studies on the protecting effects of natural antioxidants on neurons in neurodegenerative diseases, especially summarized the results about protective effect of green tea polyphenols on neurons against apoptosis of cellular and animal PD models, and of genestine and nicotine on neurons against A beta-induced apoptosis of hippocampal neuronal and transgenic mouse AD models.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / metabolism
  • Alzheimer Disease / pathology
  • Alzheimer Disease / prevention & control*
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Neurons / drug effects*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Neurons / pathology
  • Nicotine / pharmacology*
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Parkinson Disease / metabolism
  • Parkinson Disease / pathology
  • Parkinson Disease / prevention & control*
  • Phenols / pharmacology*
  • Plaque, Amyloid / pathology
  • Polyphenols
  • Tea


  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Polyphenols
  • Tea
  • Nicotine