Estrone sulfatase activity and effect of antiestrogens on transformation of estrone sulfate in hormone-dependent vs. independent human breast cancer cell lines

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1991 May;18(2):93-8. doi: 10.1007/BF01980971.

Abstract

The effect of the anti-estrogens ICI 164,384 and tamoxifen on the estradiol (E2) concentration after incubation of estrone sulfate (E1-S) with different hormone-dependent (MCF-7 and T-47D) and hormone-independent (MDA-MD-231 and MDA-MB-436) mammary cancer cells, as well as the estrone sulfatase activity in these various cell lines, are presented. The anti-estrogen ICI 164,384 decreased very significantly the concentration of E2 after incubation of E1-S with MCF-7 (control, mean +/- SE: 100 +/- 24 pg/mg DNA; + ICI 164,384 [10(-6)M]: 7 +/- 2 pg/mg DNA). This effect was much more intense than with tamoxifen. A similar effect was observed with T-47D cells. However, no significant effect was observed in the hormone-independent cells. In the intact cell, estrone sulfatase activity was very intense in the hormone-dependent cells, but very small in the hormone-independent cells. However, this activity became very strong after homogenization in the hormone-independent cells. The data suggest that estrone sulfate can play an important role on the bioavailability of E2 in hormone-dependent breast cancer, and that understanding the control of estrone sulfatase activity can open new knowledge of the estrogen responses and new possibilities of therapeutic application in breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Breast Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Estradiol / analogs & derivatives
  • Estradiol / pharmacology
  • Estrogen Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Estrogens / biosynthesis
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / drug therapy
  • Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / enzymology*
  • Polyunsaturated Alkamides
  • Sulfatases / metabolism*
  • Tamoxifen / pharmacology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • Estrogen Antagonists
  • Estrogens
  • Polyunsaturated Alkamides
  • Tamoxifen
  • Estradiol
  • ICI 164384
  • Sulfatases
  • estrone sulfatase