Alcohol, social factors and mortality among young men

Br J Addict. 1991 Jul;86(7):877-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01843.x.


In a 20-year follow-up the association between alcohol consumption, social and personal background factors and mortality was studied in a cohort of 49,464 Swedish conscripts. The relative risk of death among high consumers (those consuming more than 250 g alcohol/week at conscription) was 2.8 (95% confidence interval 2.2-3.7) compared with moderate consumers (1-100 g/week). Deaths caused by direct toxic effects of alcohol were few, less than 5%. Instead suicides and accidents predominated. Abstainers had a slightly lower mortality than moderate consumers, with a relative risk of 0.8 (0.6-1.1), due to a significantly lower risk for traffic deaths. High consumers of alcohol had more than twice as many social and personal risk factors for premature death compared with the cohort as a whole. Yet presence of social risk factors added little to the already increased relative risk of death among high consumers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / mortality*
  • Cause of Death*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Sweden / epidemiology