The effects of compression garments on recovery of muscle performance following high-intensity sprint and plyometric exercise

J Sci Med Sport. 2010 Jan;13(1):136-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.10.006. Epub 2009 Jan 7.

Abstract

This study compared the effects of compression garments on recovery of evoked and voluntary performance following fatiguing exercise. Eleven participants performed 2 sessions separated by 7 days, with and without lower-body compression garments during and 24h post-exercise. Participants performed a 10-min exercise protocol of a 20-m sprint and 10 plyometric bounds every minute. Before, following, 2h and 24h post-exercise, evoked twitch properties of the knee extensors, peak concentric knee extension and flexion force were assessed, with blood samples drawn to measure lactate [La(-)], pH, creatine kinase (CK), aspartate transaminase (AST) and c-reactive protein (C-RP). Heart rate, exertion (RPE) and muscle soreness (MS) measures were obtained pre- and post-exercise. No differences (P=0.50-0.80) and small effect sizes (d<0.3) were present for 20-m sprint (3.59+/-0.22 vs. 3.59+/-0.18s) or bounding performance (17.13+/-1.4 vs. 17.21+/-1.7 m) in garment and control conditions. The decline and recovery in concentric force were not different (P=0.40) between conditions. Full recovery of voluntary performance was observed 2h post-exercise, however, evoked twitch properties remained suppressed 2h post-exercise in both conditions. No differences (P=0.40-0.80, d<0.3) were present between conditions for heart rate, RPE, [La(-)], pH, CK or C-RP. However, 24h post-exercise a smaller change (P=0.08; d=2.5) in AST (23.1+/-3.1 vs. 26.0+/-4.0) and reduced (P=0.01; d=1.1) MS (2.8+/-1.2 vs. 4.5+/-1.4) were present in the garments. In conclusion the effects of compression garments on voluntary performance and recovery were minimal; however, reduced levels of perceived MS were reported following recovery in the garments.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Exercise Test
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices*
  • Knee Joint
  • Lactic Acid / blood
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Running / physiology*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Lactic Acid
  • Creatine Kinase