Parkinson's disease and exposure to rural environmental factors: a population based case-control study

Can J Neurol Sci. 1991 Aug;18(3):279-86. doi: 10.1017/s0317167100031826.


To determine whether a history of exposure to rural environmental factors leads to an increased likelihood of developing idiopathic Parkinson's disease, we conducted a case-control study of 130 cases and 260 randomly selected community controls (matched with the cases by sex and age +/- 2.5 years at a ratio of 2 controls: 1 case) in the city of Calgary. The data were collected by personal interviews and were analyzed using conditional logistic regression for matched sets. The ages of the cases ranged from 36.5 to 90.7 years (mean = 68.5 +/- 11.3 years). The mean age at diagnosis was 61.1 +/- 12.4 years. The mean duration of disease was 7.8 +/- 0.6 years. Eleven (9.1%) cases were diagnosed before age 40. In this sample from the Province of Alberta, Canada, no significant increase in risk for Parkinson's disease was associated with a history of rural living, farm living, or well water drinking in early childhood or at any time during the first 45 years of life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alberta / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / epidemiology*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Health*