Resistance training improves metabolic health in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009 Feb;83(2):157-75. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2008.11.024. Epub 2009 Jan 9.


This paper systematically reviews the effect of resistance training (RT) on glycemic control and insulin sensitivity in adults with type 2 diabetes. Twenty studies were included, with the volume, frequency and intensity of RT varying markedly. Supervised RT improved glycemic control and insulin sensitivity, however, when supervision was removed compliance and glycemic control decreased. Evidence indicates the mechanisms behind the improvements to glucose tolerance require further elucidation. Although research demonstrates apparent benefits of RT for individuals with diabetes, further research is required to elucidate the minimum effective dose by describing frequency, intensity and the duration of acute and chronic improvements.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Composition / physiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Health
  • Heart Diseases / etiology
  • Humans
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin / physiology
  • Insulin Resistance / physiology
  • Muscle Strength / physiology
  • Resistance Training*
  • Risk Factors


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin