Karyotypic variability and evolutionary characteristics of a polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma in the parotid gland

Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1991 Aug;55(1):19-29. doi: 10.1016/0165-4608(91)90230-r.


The chromosomes of a polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma originating from a pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland were studied. Three successful preparations were performed. A minor fraction of cells showed normal karyotypes and some cells only inconsistent, usually numerical, deviations. The remaining cells constituted an abnormal monoclonal population with an unusual and very extensive karyotypic variability. The origin of most marker chromosomes could be wholly or partly clarified. Five different subclones could be distinguished on basis of different specific marker chromosomes. The characteristics of the marker sets suggested a closely interrelated derivation of the subclones. The results also provide insight as to the influence of random factors and/or differential growth rate on the chromosomal picture observed in in vitro systems. The present chromosomal observations showed no similarities either to the cytogenetical findings in the five previously reported salivary gland adenocarcinomas or to the deviations seen in the single studied case of carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Aged
  • Biological Evolution*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Parotid Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • Ploidies
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Genetic Markers