Objective: The optimal management of stage II endometrial cancer remains uncertain. We examined the role of radical hysterectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy for stage II endometrial cancer.
Study design: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify 1577 women with stage II endometrioid type endometrial adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical staging.
Results: The cohort included 1198 women who underwent simple hysterectomy (76%) and 379 who underwent radical hysterectomy (24%). Radical hysterectomy had no effect on survival (hazard ratio [HR], 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-1.23). Patients who did not receive radiation were 48% (HR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.14-1.93) more likely to die than those who underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. The survival benefit from radiation was most pronounced in women who underwent radical hysterectomy.
Conclusion: Adjuvant radiation improves survival. Although the routine performance of radical hysterectomy does not appear to be justified, patients with high-risk stage II tumors appear to benefit from combination therapy with radical hysterectomy and radiotherapy.