Effect of chromium nanocomposite supplementation on growth hormone pulsatile secretion and mRNA expression in finishing pigs

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2009 Aug;93(4):520-5). doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2008.00836.x.


The study was conducted to investigate the effect of chromium nanocomposite (CrNano) on growth hormone (GH) pulsatile secretion and pituitary GH mRNA expression in finishing pigs. Fifty-four crossbred pigs (65.57 ± 1.05 kg initial weight) were randomly allotted to one of the three treatments, with three replicate pens per treatment and six pigs per pen. Pigs were offered one of the four diets including a control diet or a control diet supplemented with 200 μg/kg chromium from either chromium chloride (CrCl3) or CrNano for 35 days. During the trial, all pigs were given free access to feed and water. After completion of the feeding trial, blood samples were taken via auriculares at 15 min intervals for 3 h and three pigs from each treatment were slaughtered to collect pituitary to determine GH mRNA level. The results of GH dynamic secretion showed that supplemental CrNano increased the mean level, the lowest value, peak value and peak duration of GH significantly, while there was no significant effect on peak amplitude. Pituitary mRNA expression of GH was improved significantly in pigs fed diet containing Cr from CrNano. These results indicated that CrNano increased GH mRNA expression and secretion in finishing pigs.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromium Compounds / chemistry
  • Chromium Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects*
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism*
  • Nanoparticles / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Swine / blood*
  • Swine / metabolism*


  • Chromium Compounds
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Growth Hormone