Protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) modulates cell survival and apoptosis in diverse cellular systems. We recently reported that PKCdelta functions as a critical anti-apoptotic signal transducer in cells containing activated p21(Ras) and results in the activation of AKT, thereby promoting cell survival. How PKCdelta is regulated by p21(Ras), however, remains incompletely understood. In this study, we show that PKCdelta, as a transducer of anti-apoptotic signals, is activated by phosphotidylinositol 3' kinase/phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PI(3)K-PDK1) to deliver the survival signal to Akt in the environment of activated p21(Ras). PDK1 is upregulated in cells containing an activated p21Ras. Knock-down of PDK1, PKCdelta, or AKT forces cells containing activated p21(Ras) to undergo apoptosis. PDK1 regulates PKCdelta activity, and constitutive expression of PDK1 increases PKCdelta activity in different cell types. Conversely, expression of a kinase-dead (dominant-negative) PDK1 significantly suppresses PKCdelta activity. p21(Ras)-mediated survival signaling is therefore regulated by via a PI(3)K-AKT pathway, which is dependent upon both PDK1 and PKCdelta, and PDK1 activates and regulates PKCdelta to determine the fate of cells containing a mutated, activated p21(Ras).