Prediction of developing metabolic syndrome after gestational diabetes mellitus

Fertil Steril. 2010 Mar 1;93(4):1248-54. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.12.007. Epub 2009 Jan 14.


Objective: To determine the predictors of subsequent development of metabolic syndrome (MS) in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Design: Controlled clinical study.

Setting: University hospital.

Patient(s): One hundred sixty-four consecutive women with previous GDM were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 40.54 months from index pregnancy. Sixty-five lean women with negative screening for GDM were included as a control group.

Intervention(s): None.

Main outcome measure(s): Subjects were evaluated for diagnosis of MS according to criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program and the International Diabetes Federation. Tests were performed including a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), fasting insulin, lipids, plasma fibrinogen, blood pressure, and body measurements. The homeostasis model assessment score was calculated.

Result(s): The MS prevalence was higher in women with previous GDM, according to both definitions. Univariate analysis showed that prepregnancy obesity, weight gain during follow-up, and fasting glucose level at the OGTT of the index pregnancy were predictors of developing MS. Multivariate analysis showed that fasting glucose level >100 mg/dL at the OGTT of the index pregnancy was an independent predictor of the MS development.

Conclusion(s): We suggest that early prediction of women with previous GDM who are at high risk for developing MS is possible, and it is vital to prevent MS-related complications.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diabetes, Gestational / blood
  • Diabetes, Gestational / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood
  • Metabolic Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / etiology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Time Factors
  • Weight Gain / physiology