Cancer screening in the United States, 2009: a review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and issues in cancer screening

CA Cancer J Clin. 2009 Jan-Feb;59(1):27-41. doi: 10.3322/caac.20008.


Each year, the American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes a report summarizing its recommendations for early cancer detection, data and trends in cancer screening rates, and select issues related to cancer screening. In 2008, the ACS, the American Gastroenterological Association, the American College of Gastroenterology, the Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and the American College of Radiology issued a joint update of guidelines for colorectal cancer screening in average-risk adults. In this issue, the current ACS guidelines and recent issues are summarized, updates of testing guidelines for early prostate cancer detection and colorectal cancer screening by the United States Preventive Services Task Force are discussed, and the most recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the National Health Interview Survey pertaining to participation rates in cancer screening are described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis
  • Adenomatous Polyps / prevention & control
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • American Cancer Society*
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Lung Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / standards
  • Mass Screening / trends*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Prevalence
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control