Aim: to evaluate the effects of curcumin on total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride in acute coronary syndrome patients.
Methods: this study were conducted at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital (RSUPN-CM), Persahabatan Hospital, MMC Hospital and Medistra Hospital, Jakarta. The study started from 1 May 2005 to 5 May 2006. Study Design was an interventional study which was a randomized double blind controlled trial to evaluate the effects of curcumin administration at escalating doses (low dose 3 times 15 mg/day, moderate dose 3 times 30 mg/day, and high dose 3 times 60 mg/day) on total cholesterol level, LDL cholesterol level, HDL cholesterol level, and triglyceride level in ACS patients.
Results: a 75 ACS patients undergoing randomization participated in randomized controlled trial (RCT). Of the 75 ACS patients participating in that RCT, 67 received care at RSCM, 6 at Persahabatan Hospital, and 2 at MMC Hospital. As many as 63 patients were able to participate in the RCT up to its conclusion. There was no significant difference in age, sex, risk factor of dyslipidemia, DM, smoking, hypertension, CHD history in family, height, body weight and body mass index, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure in the four groups of patients. This showed that the randomization performed was reasonably good. There was no significant difference in laboratory parameters, such as total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, blood glucose 2 hours PP, glyco Hb, triglyceride, Hb, Ht, leukocyte, thrombocyte, ureum, creatinine, SGOT, SGPT, in the four groups. There was no significant difference in types of ACS and locations of ACS in the four groups as well. There was no significant difference in statin medicatios (simvastatin), aspirin ACE inhibitor, and DM medications in the four groups. No patient used tiazolidindion. No significant difference was found in the percentage of compliance in the four groups of patients. The effects of curcumin on total cholesterol level and LDL cholesterol level, there was a trend that the lower the dose of curcumin, the higher the effect of reduction. For HDL cholesterol level, there was also a trend that the lower the dose of curcumin, the higher the effect of increase in HDL cholesterol level. However, for triglyceride the pattern was not the same, and the group of moderate-dose curcumin shoed the minimal effect of increase, followed by the low-dose curcumin and finally the high-dose curcumin that showed the highest effect of increase.
Conclusion: the administration of low-dose curcumin showed a trend of reduction in total cholesterol level and LDL cholesterol level in ACS patients.