Asef2 and Neurabin2 cooperatively regulate actin cytoskeletal organization and are involved in HGF-induced cell migration

Oncogene. 2009 Mar 12;28(10):1357-65. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.478. Epub 2009 Jan 19.


The tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is mutated in sporadic and familial colorectal tumors. APC interacts with the Rac1- and Cdc42-specific guanine-nucleotide exchange factors (GEF), Asef and Asef2, which contain an APC-binding region (ABR) in addition to Dbl homology, Pleckstrin homology (PH) and Src homology 3 (SH3) domains. APC stimulates the GEF activity of Asef and Asef2, and thereby regulates cell adhesion and migration. Here we show that Asef2, but not Asef, interacts with Neurabin2/Spinophilin, a scaffold protein that binds to Filamentous actin (F-actin). In response to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) treatment of HeLa cells, Asef2, Neurabin2 and APC were induced to accumulate and colocalize in lamellipodia and membrane ruffles. Neurabin2 did not affect the GEF activity of Asef2. RNA interference experiments showed that Asef2, Neurabin2 and APC are involved in HGF-induced cell migration. Furthermore, knockdown of Neurabin2 resulted in the suppression of Asef2-induced filopodia formation. These results suggest that Asef2, Neurabin2 and APC cooperatively regulate actin cytoskeletal organization and are required for HGF-induced cell migration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / chemistry*
  • Cell Movement / drug effects*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytoskeleton / chemistry*
  • Genes, APC / physiology
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors / physiology*
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Microfilament Proteins / physiology*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics


  • Actins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • SPATA13 protein, human
  • neurabin
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor