Study on discrimination of Roast green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) according to geographical origin by FT-NIR spectroscopy and supervised pattern recognition

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2009 May;72(4):845-50. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2008.12.002. Epub 2008 Dec 13.


Rapid discrimination of roast green tea according to geographical origin is crucial to quality control. Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy and supervised pattern recognition was attempted to discriminate Chinese green tea according to geographical origins (i.e. Anhui Province, Henan Province, Jiangsu Province, and Zhejiang Province) in this work. Four supervised pattern recognitions methods were used to construct the discrimination models based on principal component analysis (PCA), respectively. The number of principal components factors (PCs) and model parameters were optimized by cross-validation in the constructing model. The performances of four discrimination models were compared. Experimental results showed that the performance of SVM model is the best among four models. The optimal SVM model was achieved when 4 PCs were used, discrimination rates being all 100% in the training and prediction set. The overall results demonstrated that FT-NIR spectroscopy with supervised pattern recognition could be successfully applied to discriminate green tea according to geographical origins.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Camellia sinensis / chemistry*
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods*
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared / methods*
  • Tea / chemistry*


  • Tea