On the mechanism of the involvement of endothelium in reactive hyperemia

Experientia. 1991 Aug 15;47(8):828-30. doi: 10.1007/BF01922464.


Experiments on anesthetized dogs and on vascular test-preparations demonstrated that reactive hyperemia (RH) was accompanied by the appearance of vasodilator in the blood, and that the level increased with the duration of occlusion of the artery. Removal of the endothelium of the part of the vascular bed studied using saponin, decreased the RH and relaxation of a test-preparation. A rise of pressure in the vascular bed, and a decrease in the deformability of the endothelium resulting from pretreatment with dimerized glutaraldehyde, affected both the hyperemia and the reaction of the vascular preparation in a similar way. It was concluded that the RH resulted from the secretion of vasoactive substances by the endothelium in response to a fall in intravascular pressure.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Constriction
  • Dogs
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology*
  • Femoral Artery / physiopathology
  • Glutaral / pharmacology
  • Hyperemia / physiopathology*
  • Vasodilation
  • Vasodilator Agents / blood


  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Glutaral