High-resolution CT and angiographic evaluation of NexStent wall adaptation

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009 May;32(3):436-40. doi: 10.1007/s00270-008-9501-7. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Abstract

Carotid stenting is a minimally invasive treatment for extracranial carotid artery stenosis. Stent design may affect technical success and complications in a certain subgroup of patients. We examined the wall adaptability of a new closed-cell carotid stent (NexStent), which has a unique rolled sheet design. Forty-one patients had 42 carotid arteries treated with angioplasty and stenting for internal carotid artery stenosis. The mean patient age was 65 +/- 10 years. All patients underwent high-resolution computed tomographic angiography after the stent implantation. Data analysis included pre- and postprocedural stenosis, procedure complications, plaque calcification, and stent apposition. We reviewed the angiographic and computed tomographic images for plaque coverage and stent expansion. All procedures were technically successful. Mean stenosis was reduced from 84 +/- 8% before the procedure to 15.7 +/- 7% after stenting. Two patients experienced transient ischemic attack; one patient had bradycardia and hypotension. Stent induced kinking was observed in one case. Good plaque coverage and proper overlapping of the rolled sheet was achieved in all cases. There was weak correlation between the residual stenosis and the amount of calcification. The stent provides adequate expansion and adaptation to the tapering anatomy of the bifurcation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiography / methods*
  • Angioplasty, Balloon / methods*
  • Carotid Stenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Carotid Stenosis / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Stents* / adverse effects
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome