Racial disparity in low birth weight and infant mortality

Clin Perinatol. 2009 Mar;36(1):63-73. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2008.09.004.


In the United States, African-American infants have significantly worse outcomes than white infants. In this review, the authors look beyond traditional risk factors and explore the social context of race in this country in an effort to understand African-American women's long-standing pregnancy outcome disadvantage. In the process, new insights are highlighted concerning likely causes for the poor birth outcomes of white infants in this country compared with infants in most other industrialized nations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • African Americans
  • Continental Population Groups
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Healthcare Disparities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infant Mortality / ethnology*
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Welfare
  • Pregnancy
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Women's Health*