Aim: Cancer death in the early period after hepatectomy still occurs in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CLM). We examined the relationship between clinicopathological parameters and survival periods in 130 CLM patients who underwent hepatectomy.
Patients/methods: Patients were divided into four groups: Group 1 (5-year survivors without tumor relapse), Group 2 (survivors at 2-5 years), Group 3 (cancer death at 2-5 years), and Group 4 (cancer death within 2 years).
Results: A short surgical margin was frequent in Group 4 compared to Group 1 (31 vs. 78%, P<0.05). Primary node-positive status, absence of fibrous pseudo-capsular formation, higher Clinical Risk Score, and tumor recurrence within 12 months were frequent in Group 4 (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed a short surgical margin (HR; 3.5) and early tumor relapse (HR; 5.9) as independently significant related parameters (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Sufficient surgical margins and careful follow-up for early tumor relapse may be important for improving postoperative outcomes for CLM patients.