In vivo dosimetry during DSA of the carotid and renal arteries. Deriviation of local DRLs

Phys Med. 2009 Dec;25(4):166-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2008.11.004. Epub 2009 Jan 23.


The Euratom directive 97/43 recommends the use of patient dose surveys in diagnostic radiology and the establishment of diagnostic reference dose levels (DRLs). The aims of this study are to perform measurements of the entrance surface dose (ESD) during diagnostic digital subtraction angiography (DSA) of the renal and carotid arteries using thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLDs), extraction of local DRLs, and calculation of the effective dose. Dose measurement for the staff was also performed. Dose measurements were performed on 48 participating patients. The mean effective dose was calculated to be 15.9 mSv and 8.9 mSv, for the renal and carotid DSA, respectively. The effective dose of the radiologist was calculated to be 0.022 mSv and 0.023 mSv per procedure for renal and carotid DSA respectively, when wearing a protective apron and using a movable ceiling mounted shield. Radiation dose variation depends on the physical characteristics of the patient, on the procedure preferences by radiologists and on the difficulties in conducting the procedures. The lack of DRLs for the specific examinations lead the research team to choose the DRL for DSA of the renal arteries to be 169 mGy for ESD at the pelvic region and for DSA of the carotid arteries to be 313 mGy for ESD at the region of the aortic arc.

MeSH terms

  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction / methods*
  • Carotid Arteries / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Protective Devices
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Renal Artery / diagnostic imaging*
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Thermoluminescent Dosimetry / methods*