High-fidelity, simulation-based, interdisciplinary operating room team training at the point of care

Surgery. 2009 Feb;145(2):138-46. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2008.09.010. Epub 2008 Dec 10.


Background: The operating room (OR) is a dynamic, high risk setting requiring effective teamwork for the safe delivery of care. Teamwork in the modern OR, however, is less than ideal. High fidelity simulation is an attractive approach to training key teamwork competencies. We have developed a portable simulation platform, the mobile mock OR (MMOR) that permits bringing team training over long distances to the point of care. We examined the effectiveness of this innovative, simulation-based interdisciplinary operating room (OR) team training model on its participants.

Methods: All general surgical OR team members at an academic affiliated medical center underwent scenario-based training using a mobile mock OR. Pre- and post-session mean scores were calculated and analyzed for 15 Likert-type items measuring self-efficacy in teamwork competencies using t test.

Results: The mean gain in pre-post item scores for 38 participants averaged 0.4 units on a 6-point Likert scale. The significance was demonstrated in 4 of the items: role clarity (Delta = 0.6 units, P = .02), anticipatory response (Delta = 0.6 units, P = .01), cross monitoring (Delta = 0.6 units, P < .01), and team cohesion and interaction (Delta = 0.7 units, P < .01).

Conclusion: High-fidelity, simulation-based OR team training at the point of care positively impacts self-efficacy for effective teamwork performance in everyday practice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Communication*
  • Education, Continuing / methods*
  • Manikins
  • Operating Rooms*
  • Patient Care Team / standards*
  • Point-of-Care Systems