Kawasaki disease in India: increasing awareness or increased incidence?

Perspect Biol Med. Winter 2009;52(1):17-29. doi: 10.1353/pbm.0.0062.


Reports of Kawasaki disease (KD) throughout India are increasing. This article addresses the question of whether the increased diagnosis of KD in India represents the emerging recognition of an illness that had been previously obscured by misdiagnosis, or whether KD is new to India and is increasing in incidence.Whichever answer turns out to be correct, the burden of KD is likely to pose a significant challenge to the health-care system in India in the coming years, due to the high cost of treatment and the potential for lifelong cardiovascular sequelae.Moreover, elucidating the factors that have contributed to the increased recognition of KD in India may provide useful insights for the continuing search for the etiology of KD worldwide.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Awareness
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • India / epidemiology
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / history
  • Population Surveillance
  • Risk Assessment