Simultaneous quantification of perfusion and permeability in the prostate using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging with an inversion-prepared dual-contrast sequence

Ann Biomed Eng. 2009 Apr;37(4):749-62. doi: 10.1007/s10439-009-9645-x. Epub 2009 Jan 24.


The aim of the present study was to quantify both perfusion and extravasation in the prostate to discriminate tumor from healthy tissue, which might be achieved by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using a nonspecific low-molecular-weight contrast medium (CM). To determine extravasation as well as tissue perfusion an inversion-prepared dual-contrast sequence employing a parallel acquisition technique (PAT) was designed for interleaved acquisition of T(1)-weighted images for extravasation measurement and T(2)*-weighted images for determination of the highly concentrated bolus with a sufficiently high temporal and spatial resolution at an acceptable signal-to-noise ratio. Thirteen patients with proven prostate cancer were examined with the sequence using a combined body-array prostate coil. Before pharmacokinetic evaluation the images were intensity-corrected and, if required, motion-corrected. The pharmacokinetic model used to calculate perfusion, permeability, blood volume, interstitial volume, transit time, and vessel size index included two compartments and a correction of delay and dispersion of the arterial input function. The information provided by the dual-contrast sequence allowed application of a more elaborate model for evaluation and enabled quantification of all parameters. Peripheral prostate tumors were found to differ from peripheral healthy prostate tissue in perfusion (1.38 mL/(min cm(3)) vs. 0.23 mL/(min cm(3)), p=0.004), mean transit time (2.88 vs. 4.88 s, p=0.039), and blood volume (1.9 vs. 0.7%, p=0.019). A inversion-prepared dual-contrast sequence acquiring T(1)- and T*(2)-weighted images with sufficient temporal resolution and signal-to-noise ratio was successfully applied in patients with prostate cancer to quantify all pharmacokinetic parameters of inflow and extravasation of a low-molecular-weight inert tracer.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Contrast Media / pharmacokinetics*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Perfusion / methods*
  • Permeability
  • Prostate / pathology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*


  • Contrast Media