Weather fronts and acute myocardial infarction

Int J Biometeorol. 1991 Jun;35(1):10-7. doi: 10.1007/BF01040957.


Some methodological aspects are discussed of the investigation of acute infarct myocarditis (AIM) in relation to weather fronts. Results of a new method of analysis are given. Data were analysed from about the hour of the onset of symptoms, and led to the diagnosis of AIM either immediately or within a few hours or days (3019 cases observed over 4.5 years during 1982-1986 in Plzen, Czechoslovakia). Weather classification was based on three factors (the type of the foregoing front, the type of the subsequent front, the time section of the time interval demarcated by the passage of the surfaces of the fronts). AIM occurrence increased in particular types of weather fronts: (i) by 30% during 7-12 h after a warm front, if the time span between fronts exceeded 24 h; (ii) by 10% in time at least 36 h distant from the foregoing cold or occlusion front and from the succeeding warm or occlusion front; (iii) by 20% during 0-2 h before the passage of the front, provided the foregoing front was not warm and the interval between fronts exceeded 5 h. AIM occurrence decreased by 15%-20% for time span between fronts greater than 24 h at times 6-11, 6-23 and 6-35 h before a coming warm or occlusion front (for interfrontal intervals 25-48, 49-72 and possibly greater than 72 h), and also at 12-23 and possibly 12-35 h before a cold front (for intervals 49-72 and possibly greater than 72 h), if the foregoing front was cold or an occlusion front.

MeSH terms

  • Czechoslovakia / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
  • Time Factors
  • Weather*