[Impact of a pre-operative mobilisation program using the Viv-Arte training model based on kinesthetic mobilisation on mobility, pain, and post-operation length of stay of patients receiving an elective medial laparotomy: a prospective, randomised, controlled pilot study]

Pflege. 2009 Feb;22(1):19-28. doi: 10.1024/1012-5302.22.1.19.
[Article in German]


A medial incision is a common surgical technique to obtain access to the abdomen. Thereby, the muscles involved in movement are manipulated, leading to post-operative restrictions in mobility and pain determined by movement. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the impact of a pre-operative training session using the Viv-Arte model, which is based on kinesthetic mobilisation principles. The parameters to be measured were mobility, pain, and length of hospital stay for patients, who were undergoing elective medial laparotomy. In addition, the study tested the research design and to identify possible effect sizes. The method chosen was a prospective, randomised, controlled, and unblinded design. Twenty-seven patients were involved (median=63 years, 19 of the patients were male) who were to have a medial incision for cystectomy. The intervention involved pre-operative training of post-operative mobility techniques. Mobility was tested using the "Mobilitätstest für Patienten im Akutkrankenhaus (MOTPA) (Mobility test for patients in hospital)"; pain intensity was assessed using the visual analogue scale. The intervention and control groups were comparable for all variables. There were no significant differences in the two groups related to the objectives. It is possible that the study groups or the operationalisation were not appropriate for testing the effects of the intervention. It seems important to continue to develop instruments that are appropriate for measuring the effect of mobility-related interventions.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cystectomy / nursing*
  • Early Ambulation / nursing*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinesthesis*
  • Length of Stay*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mobility Limitation
  • Pain Measurement / nursing*
  • Pain, Postoperative / nursing*
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Preoperative Care / nursing*
  • Prospective Studies