A 10-year retrospective study of the management of airway obstruction in 26 infants with Pierre Robin sequence was made. It was not possible when the infant was first seen to assess the future severity of the airway obstruction but later 3 distinct groups could be identified according to the airway management which had become necessary. The deaths from respiratory obstruction indicate the prime importance of airway management. Laryngoscopy for intubation or endoscopic evaluation was often difficult and sometimes could not be achieved. 'Awake intubation' without general anesthesia has proved to be safer and less difficult using a special purpose slotted laryngoscope. Airway management should be individualized following the progressive sequence of posturing in the prone position, nasopharyngeal tube, endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy until successful control is achieved as indicated by the clinical features and pulse oximetry.